On the Internet, a domain name is the starting point of your search on the great worldwide web. A domain name leads you to a place on the Internet where you can find unique content, images, videos or other things.
A domain name is a unique name that can be registered with a domain name provider. This domain name provider in turn registers your unique name with a domain name registrar, also called the supplier of the domain name provider. The first .NL domain name to be registered was cwi.nl, which was registered in 1986. The first .COM domain name was registered in 1985.
The registrar is a party that has a management function for each extension. For example, SIDN manages the .NL domain name and Verisign manages the .COM domain name.
These registrars keep track of the actively registered domainnames in a Domain Name System (DNS), also known as the naming systems on the Internet.
A computer, phone or other digital device of yours can visit this database (domain name nameserver) per domain name extension when you surf to the domain name you are typing. Your device receives so-called DNS records back from the name server. These are records that contain unique addresses on the Internet, also known as IP addresses.
The IP addresses tell your digital device where to connect to in order to display content, such as a website, image or video, on the device from which you are visiting the domain name.
The DNS records that manage where your unique registered domain name points to, can often be managed by your domain name provider. These often have their own name servers where the DNS records are stored and are set by the domain name registrar (SIDN or Verisign for example).
In theory, your digital device such as computer, phone, tablet or similar will then follow the following path when you type a domain name into the address bar:
Your device -> DNS(nameserver) Registrar -> returns Nameservers from your domain name provider -> Queries IP addresses to the returned domain name provider nameservers -> Your device gets the IP addresses and shows the content from those servers/devices/hosting package that have the content you are looking for!
It all sounds very cumbersome, but it’s really processed in microseconds and websites often fully load faster than 1 second!
In order to come into possession of a domain name, a domain name registration must be carried out. This means that you register a domain name that you wish to own.
In our case we registered theory7.net as our domain name. After checkout and receiving the domain name registration confirmation, the domain name is officially owned by us for the purchased period. At the end of the period, we are given the option to renew the domain name for another period or let it expire and cancel.
Domain name registration steps
To register a domain name, you must first check whether your desired domain name is still available. In this case, you enter the domain name in a domain name checker and you will see the status: “free for registration” or “move”.
The status: “free for registration” means that the domain name is still available for registration and that gives you the possibility to proceed with your domain registration.
The status : “move” indicates that the domain name is already registered and that you can move it from domain name registrar A to for example domain name registrar B.
In this explanation we assume that the domain name is still free. In this case you often click on the button: “Register domain name”. In most cases, the domain name added to the shopping cart and you can choose the holder of the domain name. In short, that is the legal owner of the domain name you choose.
Also, you can often choose the nameservers or DNS records. These are the settings that allow you to link the domain name to a web hosting package or a VPS or Dedicated server.
Once you have this set up, click towards the next step!
Once you have clicked on the next step you will be taken to the shopping cart. Here you can confirm your domain name registration by checking out the shopping cart with your preferred payment method.
Once the payment is successfully completed, your domain name is often registered in real time and you can visit it often in a few hours after which it is active and shows something in your internet browser!