A website is a very familiar term these days. Everyone uses it in daily life and has been in contact with it.
From the site 9292.nl that shows you what time your train runs, to thuisbezorgd.nl to fill a nice evening with delicious food that is delivered to the tax authorities.nl where you arrange and manage your tax affairs.
But where does the term website come from?
The English term “site” is literally translated: “place”. The word web refers to the worldwide web, also called world wide web(www). Since a website is a kind of collection of coinciding information / pages with content, in the time of the creation of several “sites” was chosen to the word for such a thing website.
The term website is now actually despite being an English word, it has been adopted everywhere in every language and it is known to everyone what it is.
HTML programming language
As explained, a website is a collection of pages with content such as text, images and possibly even videos. From its origin, you need to develop a website using a development language, such as HTML (HyperText Markup Language). This is a programming language that allows you to create a simple static website page.
Example HTML page
An example to see what HTML is all about can be found at: Sample HTML Page
Nowadays websites are so elaborate with dynamic systems behind them that just HTML is not enough anymore. However, it is still being used fanatically on every website on the internet because it is still indispensable.
Most websites today are built using open source, closed source or self-developed content management systems (CMS).
A CMS is a system that enables you to build and maintain a site dynamically, often through a graphical interface. So you can easily choose a theme / template and from there drag and drop into a graphical interface to create your own website.
The CMS behind it ensures that your actions are translated into the necessary programming language so that an internet browser that you use to visit the website and the web hosting server that stores your website and makes it available on the internet can understand it.
There are hundreds if not thousands of CMS systems available on the Internet. Most are open source (free) but there are also dozens with premium features where someone actively develops and improves for you. These closed source CMS systems often cost a fixed amount per month but often also include the web hosting that is needed to get your website online.
There are several reasons to choose a free or a paid CMS, but I think the most important one is freedom.
With a free CMS system, you can often fully customize the code and play with additional plugins, features, tools and themes. In fact, you can install, change or update things to the source code of the CMS.
With a paid CMS this freedom is limited and you can probably change a lot or everything on your website, but nothing on the CMS itself. So you often cannot easily install a plugin that makes your website better, faster or more beautiful because you do not have access to the source code of the CMS where you have to install it.